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七下英语总复习

2014年08月26日 00:00:00 来源:http://www.ssssyzx.cn/5/1/966.html 访问量:144 作者:刘老师

 

七下英语总复习
Unit1 Can you play the guitar?
【短语归纳】
play chess 下国际象棋    play the guitar 弹吉他        speak English 说英语    English club 英语俱乐部
talk to 跟…说           play the violin 拉小提琴      play the piano 弹钢琴    play the drums 敲鼓
make friends 结交朋友    do kung fu 会(中国)功夫   tell stories 讲故事       play games 做游戏
on the weekends (在)周末
【用法集萃】
play +棋类/球类 下……棋,打……球
play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉……乐器
be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事
be good with sb. 善于与某人相处
need sb. To do sth. 需要某人做某事
can + 动词原形 能/会做某事
a little + 不可数名词 一点儿……
join the …club 加入…俱乐部
like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事
【重点句式】
1. like to do sth.=like doing sth. “喜欢做某事”,like to do sth. 有时强调某一次具体的动作;
 like doing sth. 则强调习惯性的动作
2. “加入某个俱乐部”用动词 join, 而“在某个俱乐部里”用介词in
 eg: 1) He likes drawing. He wants to jon the art club.    2) I am in the swimming club now.
3. people: n. 人;人们,是集合名词,作主语时,谓语动词用复数。eg: 1) People like to listen to music.
  也可作“民族”讲 ,是可数名词  eg: 1) This is a brave people.
4. talk 是不及物动词,若跟宾语,必须跟相应的介词。
   talk to sb. 意思是“和某人谈话”; talk with sb.”于某人交谈” ;talk about sth. “谈论某事”
5. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人   eg: 1) Can you help me with English?
 help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事   eg: 1) They often help old people (to) clean their houses.
6. be good at 擅长;善于;后接名词、带刺或动名词 eg: 1) You are good at sports.
 be good for 对--有益(有用);后接表示人或事物的名词 2) Exercise is good for health.
 be good to 对--和善;一般后面接表示人的名词 3) She is good to me.
7. the day befor yesterday ; yesterday ; today ; tomorrow ; the day after tomorrow ; the next day
8. need : 实义动词,用法:need to do sth. eg: 1) He needs to stay at home in the afternoon.
 也可作为情态动词,其后跟动词原形,它多用于否定句和疑问句。 2) Need i go there now?
9. Can you play the guitar or the drums? 该句是由can 引导的选择疑问句。选择疑问句是指提问者提供两种或两种以上的情况,让对方从中作出选择的句子。其标志是一般疑问句的形式,并且用or 连接并列成分。回答时,不能用 yes/no, 而是使用陈述句或其简略形式回答。  eg: ----Is this pen yours or Jack’s? ----It’s Jack’s.
10. be  in “成为--中的一员”(= be a number of) eg: I’m in a rock band.
11. too; also; as well; either 这几个词都可以表示“也”,但用法不同。
   1) too 多用于口语,位置通常在句末,前边常有逗号。eg: He is a worker, too.
   2) also 较正式,通常放在行为动词之前,be动词和助动词之后。eg: He also plays the piano.
  3)as well 多用于口语,只用于句末。eg: He can play the guitar as well.
 以上三个词都不能用于否定句,否定句中用(not--)either.    eg: He was not there either.
12. 1) want sth. 想要某物。want 后可直接跟宾语。 eg: He wants some English books.
  2)want to do sth. 想做某事 eg: They want to go to the park.
  3)want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事   eg: Do you want me to help?
13. 语法:情态动词can    情态动词:有一定意义,表示说话人的语气或情态,但不能单独作谓语,只能和其他动词原形一起构成谓语,没有人称和数的变化。否定形式是在情态动词后面加上not。变一般疑问句要把情态动词提到句子的开头,即:情态动词+主语+动词原形+其他?
 1)表示能力,“会;能”。 eg: Can you dance? 你会跳舞吗?
 2)表示请求或许可,“可以”。eg: Can I ask you a question? 我可以问你一个问题吗?
 3)表示推测和可能,“可能”。eg: He can be at home.他可能在家里。
    含情态动词can的否定句是在can后加not。一般疑问句把can提到句首,其肯定回答为“Yes,主语+can”;否定回答为:“No,主语+can’t”。
【典句必背】
1. Can you draw? Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.
2. What club do you want to join?   I want to join the chess club.
3. You can join the English club.
4. Sounds good.
5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer.
6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721.
 
Unit2 What time do you go to school
【短语归纳】
what time 几点    go to school 去上学   get up 起床              take a shower 洗淋浴
brush teeth 刷牙   get to 到达          do homework 做家庭作业 go to work 去上班
go home 回家     eat breakfast 吃早饭 get dressed 穿上衣服     get home 到家
either…or… 要么…要么…             go to bed 上床睡觉 in the morning/ afternoon/ evening 在上午/下午/晚上
take a walk 散步   lots of 许多,大量   radio station 广播电台   at night 在晚上    be late for 迟到
【用法集萃】
1. at + 具体时间点 在几点(几分)
2. eat breakfast/ lunch/dinner吃早饭/午饭/晚饭
3. take a(n) +名词 从事(……)活动
4. half past +基数词    ……点半
5. a quarter to +基数词 差一刻到……点
6. from …to … 从……到……
7. need to do sth 需要做某事
【重点句式】
1. dress sb. (oneself)   eg: She dresses the baby. 她给孩子穿衣服。   dress 后不能接“衣服”类词作宾语。
 be/get dressed in + 衣服或表示颜色的词。eg: They are dressed in red. 他们穿着一身红衣服
2. what time所表示的时间比较精确,指“几点钟”、“几分钟”;when 所表示的时间范围要比what time广,回答时可以用具体几点钟,也可以说哪一天,甚至哪一年。
3. 频率副词:always , often , sometimes , never等,提问用特殊疑问词 How often
4. job cn. 工作,职业 eg: Mary wants a relaxing job.
 work un. 工作单位;工作;劳动 eg:Mr Wang usually goes to work by bus.
        v. 工作;劳动;干活 eg: Tony’s uncle works in a factory.
5. exercise v. 锻炼;练习 
         un. 锻炼;运动 eg:Walking is good exercise.
         cn. 练习;习题 eg: I have to do a lot of exercises every day.
6. best---- well adv.   eg: Which skirt do you like best?
 the best---- good   adj. Who os the best student in your class?
7. do 做实义动词“做”, 可单独做谓语。do homework/housework/chinese kongfu/the dishes
     做助动词,无实际意义,不能单独做谓语。eg: When do you usually do your homework?
8. take a walk = have a walk = go for a work
9. either ----or---- 或---或---;不是---就是----; 是---还是----eg: Either she or i am right.
  neither---nor---- 既不是-----也不是---- eg: Neither she nor i am right. Neither hot nor cold.
  both----and---- 两者都---- eg: Both she and i are right.
10.lots of = a lot of
【时间表达法】
整点时间:“基数词+ o’clock”表示,o’clock可省略。eg: ------What time is it ?    ------It’s five.
非整点时间:(1)钟点数+分钟数   eg: 6:05 six five       7:55 seven fifty-five      9:30 nine thirty
注意:在这种形式中,15分钟不能用a quarter 表示,30分钟不能用half 表示。
(2)分钟数+ past/to +钟点数。
    如果分钟数不超过30,就用“分钟数+past + 钟点数”来表示。这时15分钟可用a quarter 表示,30分钟可用half 表示。eg: 2:15 a quarter past two    4:30 half past four
    如果分钟数超过30.就用 “60减去分钟数 + to + 下一个钟点数”来表示。eg: 9:50 ten to ten 10:45 a quarter to eleven
口诀:“时”在前,“分”在后,quarter, half 不能有。如果出现past 或to, 我们可要看清楚;前是“分”,后是“时”,past 或 to 立中间;past加,to 是减。如果表示“几点半”,要用half past 加钟点。
表示时间的介词 in , on 和 at 的用法。
1. on 用在具体的某日或某日的上午、下午、晚上等前。
   on July 2nd 在七月二日                     on Sunday 在星期日  
   on the morning of May 1st 在五月一日的早晨   on the morning of last Sunday 在上个星期天的早晨
 2. 用在早上、下午、晚上之前,或用在周、季、年、世纪等之前。 eg: in the afternoon 在下午 in summer 在夏天
 3. at 用在具体时刻之前,或用在一日中的黎明、中午、黄昏、午夜之前。eg: at six o’clock 在六点 at noon 在正午
如果时间词前有 next , this, last, every等修饰语时,常不用介词。
【典句必背】
1. What time do you usually get up?   I usually get up at six thirty.
2. That’s a funny time for breakfast.
3. When do students uasually eat dinner?   They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening.
4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.
5. At twelve,she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch..
6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.
7. Here are your clothes
 
 
Unit3 How do you get to school?
【短语归纳】
get to school 到达学校    take the subway 乘地铁    ride a bike 骑自行车      how far 多远
from home to school 从家到学校   every day 每天    ride the bus 乘公共汽车   by bike 骑自行车
bus stop 公共汽车站      think of 认为  between … and … 在…和…之间  one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩
play with … 和…玩    come true 实现    have to 不得不
【用法集萃】
1. take… to …= go to … by… 乘…去…
2. How do / does …get to …? …是怎样到…的?
3. How far is it from … to …?   从…到…有多远?
4. It takes sb. some time to do sth.    做某事花费某人多长时间。
5. How long does it take …?   … 花费多长时间?
6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是….
7. Thanks for + n. / v. ing      感谢你(做)某事。
【典句必背】
1. – How do you get to school? - I ride my bike.
2. How far is it from your home to school?
3. How long does it take you to get to school?
4. For many students, it is easy to get to school.
5. There is a very big river between their school and the village.
 
Unit 4  Don’t eat in class.
【短语归纳】
1. on time 准时,按时                    2. listen to … 听……
3. in class 在课上                        4. be late for   做……迟到
5. have to 不得不                        6. be quiet 安静
7. go out 外出                          8. do the dishes 清洗餐具
9. make breakfast 做早饭                  10. make (one’s) bed 铺床
11. be noisy 吵闹                         12. keep one’s hair short 留短发
13. play with sb. 和某人一起玩             14. play the piano 弹钢琴
15. have fun 玩得高兴                    16. make rules 制订规则
【用法集萃】
1. Don’t + 动词原形+其他,不要做某事。  
2. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
3. too many + 可数名词复数 太多的…… 
4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事
5. be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格       
6. be strict in sth. 对某事要要求严格
7. leave sth sp. 把某物忘在某地
8. keep + 宾语+形容词   使……保持某种状态
9. learn to do sth. 学会做某事            
10. have to do sth. 不得不做某事
【重点句式】
1. 肯定的祈使句:(1) 实义动词原形+其他;    否定的祈使句:(1) Don’t+实义动词+原形;
(2) be动词原形+形容词+其他;             (2) Don’t be+形容词+其他;
(3) Let sb do sth.                           (3) Don’t let sb do sth
(4) No+Ving.
练:(1) My mother said to me, “Tom, _______ in bed.”     A. not read B. doesn’t read C. don’t read D. didn’t read
    (2) Don’t __________ (fight). = No __________ (fight).
2. 不要迟到:Don’t arrive late. = Don’t be late.   (arrive = be)
 上课/上学不要迟到:Don’t arrive (be) late for class/school.
3. 主语省略(无主语):Don’t arrive late for class.
主语不省略(有主语):We can’t arrive ;ate for class.
4. 在学校我们必须穿校服:We have to wear uniforms at school.
句型:不得不/必须做某事have to do sth   否定:不必做某事:don’t have to do sth
穿校服:单数:wear a uniform    复数:wear uniforms
练:(1) – I can’t stop smoking, doctor.   – For your health, I’m afraid you ______.
A. can    B. may    C. must    D. have to
5. 在我家里有太多的规矩:I have too many rules in my house.
词组:太多too many…
6. 我从来没有任何快乐:I never have any fun.
(never译为从来没有,表示否定,否定句中表示任何,一些,用any)
7. 不要大声说话:Don’t talk loudly.
请大声说:Speak loudly, please.
8. 他擅长于唱歌:He is good at singing.
句型:擅长于做某事be good at doing sth
9. 表示地点的词组:
(1) 在教室里:in the classroom     在课堂上:in class
(2) 在走廊上:in the hallways      在学校里:at school = in school
10. 表示时间的词组:
(1) 下课后:after class    放学后:after school
(2) 在上学的白天/晚上:on school days/nights    比较:at night
(3) 到晚上10点钟之前:by 10 o’clock p.m.
11. (1) with 和; 如:He lives in Beijing with my parents.   (不能用and)
(2) with 戴着; 如:Do you know the fat man with a hat?   (不能用wears)
(3) with 有着; 如:It’s an old house with a beautiful garden. (不能用has)
【典句必背】
1. Don’t arrive late for class. 上课不要迟到。
2. Can we bring music players to school? 我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗?
3. And we always have to wear the school uniform. 并且我们总是不得不穿校服。
4. There are too many rules! 有太多的规则!
5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen! 不要把脏盘子留在厨房里!
6. I have to keep my hair short. 我不得不留短发。
7.  What else do you have to do? 你还要干别的什么事?
8.  Later I have to go to the Children’s Palace to learn the piano.然后(稍后)我必须去少年宫学钢琴。
9.  No talking! 不许讲话!
*10. You’re lucky! 你好幸运啊!
 
Unit5 Why do you like pandas?
【短语归纳】
1. kind of 有几分,有点儿                     2. be from / come from 来自于
3. South Africa 南非                           4. all day 整天
5. for a long time 很长时间                     6. get lost 迷路
7. places with food and water 有食物和水的地方    8. cut down 砍倒                 
9. in (great) danger 处于(极大)危险之中        10. twelve years old 十二岁
11. thins made of ivory 由象牙制成的东西
【用法集萃】
1. —Why…? 为什么……?    —Because… 因为……
2. let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事    3.want to do sth. 想要做某事      
4. one of + 名词复数 ……之一   5. forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事        
6. forget doing sth. 忘记做过某事
7. help sb. (to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事
8. be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
【典句必背】
1. —Why do you like pandas? 你为什么喜欢熊猫? —Because they’re kind of interesting. 因为它们有点儿有趣。
2. —Why does John like koalas? 约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊? —Because they’re very cute. 因为它们非常可爱。
3. —Why don’t you like tigers? 你为什么不喜欢老虎? —Because they’re really scary. 因为它们真的吓人。
4. —Where are lions from? 狮子来自哪里? —They’re from South Africa. 它们来自南非。
5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost. 大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。
6. They can also remember places with food and water. 它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。
7. But elephants are in great danger.  但是,大象处于极大危险之中。
8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes. 人们砍倒了许多树,因此,大象渐渐失去它们的家园。
9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before) 现在仅有大约3000头大象(之前超过10万头大象)。
10.Isn’t she beautiful?  她难道不美丽吗?
 
Unit 6  I’m watching TV.
【短语归纳】
1. watch TV 看电视                      2. read a newspaper 看报纸
3. talk on the phone 通过电话交谈          4. listen to
5. use the computer 使用电脑              6. make soup做汤
7. wash the dishes 洗餐具                 8. kind of 有点儿
【用法集萃】
1. —What + be+ 主语+ doing? ……正在做什么?   
—主语+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。
2. I’d love / like to do sth. 我愿意做某事。
3. any other + 可数名词单数 其他任何一个……
4. wish to do sth. 希望做某事
【重点句式】
1. 现在进行时的结构:主语+be+Ving.   (be动词和动词+ing两者缺一不可)
考题形式:(1) 已知be动词,考后面的动词形式(要加ing);
(2) 已知后面的动词+ing, 则前面用be动词。
如:(1) The boy is _________ (run) with his father.
(2) Some children are __________ (lie) on the grass.
(3) My brother and I are __________ (play) soccer.
(4) His sister is __________ (read) a book.
2. --你正在做什么?-- What are you doing?   --我正在看电视。-- I’m watching TV.
3. 那听起来很棒:That sounds great/good.
4. 谢谢你的信和照片:Thanks for your letter and the photos.
谢谢某东西Thanks for sth
句型:谢谢做某事Thanks for doing sth
5. 我的一些照片:Here are some of my photos.   (“一些照片复数beare)
我的一张全家福照片:Here is a photo of my family. (“一张照片单数beis)
6. 句型:忙于做某事be busy doing sth
如:His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room.
7. 表示活动动词词组
做家庭作业:do one’s homework     打扫房间:clean the room
吃晚饭:eat dinner    ④ 打电话:talk on the phone = make a telephone call
看书/看报/看杂志:read books, read newspapers, read magazines
(学生)上课:have an English class   (老师)上课:give an English class
举行晚会:have an evening party      和某人说再见:say goodbye to sb
8. 在购物中心:at the mall     在游泳池:at the (swimming) pool
在学校:at school          在体育馆里:in the gym
9. 在第一张照片中:in the first photo   在第二张照片中:in the second photo
在下一张照片中:in the next photo   在最后一张照片中:in the last photo
10. 等汽车:wait for the bus     在汽车站等(某人)wait (for sb) at the bus stop
11. 我的兄弟和我:my brother and I    (要把放在后面)
12. (身体)好,健康:well = fine 如:-- How is your mother?   -- She is _______.
13. 活动:activity    复数:activities   (以辅音字母+y结尾的,去yies)
玩具:toy    复数:toys   (以元音字母+y结尾的,直接加s)
14. (1) 也:also   用于肯定句的句中
(2) 也:too    用于肯定句的句末,前加逗号
(3) 也:either 用于否定句的句末,前加逗号
15. (1) show n. 节目;如:TV show, sports show, game show, talk show
(2) show v. 给…看;如:Can you show me your family photo? I’ll show you the way.
(3) show v. 表演;如:Can you show us Beijing Opear?
【典句必背】
1. —Why are you doing? 你在做什么?—I’m watching TV. 我在看电视。
2. —What’s she doing? 她在做什么?—She’s washing her clothes. 她在洗她的衣服。
3. —What are they doing? 他们在做什么?—They’re listening to a CD. 他们在听一张CD 唱片。
4. —Are you doing your homework? 你在做你的家庭作业吗?—Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room. 
是的,我在做。/ 不,我没有。我在打扫我的房间。
5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi.
 朱辉思念他的家人并希望吃上他妈妈的可口粽子。 
 
 Unit 7  It’s raining!
【短语归纳】
1. not bad 不错                        2. at the park 在公园
3. have a good time / have a great time / have fun / enjoy oneself 过得很愉快
4. take a message for … 为……捎个口信
5. call sb. back 给某人回电话            6. no problem 没问题
7. right now 现在                       8. talk on the phone 通过电话交谈  
9. some of ………当中的一些            10. by the pool 在游泳池边  
11. drink orange juice 喝橙汁             12. study hard 努力学习  
13. on a vacation 在度假                 14. in the mountains 在山里 
15. call sb. 给某人打电话                16. write to sb. 给某人写信
17. right for… 适合……                 18. 给……拍一张照片   
【用法集萃】
1. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事
2. have a great time + (in) doing sth. 愉快地做某事
3. just right for doing sth. 做某事正合适
【重点句式】
1. –今天北京的天气怎么样?-- How’s the weather in Beijing today?   (likeHow)
--是晴天。-- It’s sunny.   (其他天气windy, cloudy, sunny=fine=nice)
同义句:-- What’s the weather like today?   (likeWhat)
-- It’s sunny.   (其他天气warm, hot, cool, cold, dry, humid)
练:We don’t know _______ the weather will be tomorrow.
A. how    B. what    C. how’s    D. what’s
2. --你最近过得怎么样?-- How’s it going with you?
--相当好:Pretty good.   很棒:Great.   还不错:Not bad.   很糟糕:Terrible.
3. (1) 在夏天天是多雨的。It’s rainy in summer.   (it后有be动词is, 后面用形容词rainy)
(2) 在夏天天经常下雨。It often rains in summer.   (it后无be动词is, 后面用动词rains)
(3) 现在正在下雨:It’s raining now.   (is和动词ing构成现在进行时”)
相同用法的词还有snowy, snows.
练:(1) What do you do when it ______? A. rain B. rainy C. raining D. is rainy
(2) It’s __________ (rain) heavily in Harbin now.
(3) The radio says it will be __________ (rain) tomorrow.
(4) – How’s the weather on Sunday?   -- ________.
A. It’s rain     B. It’s raining     C. It’s rains     D. It rainy
4. 谢谢你参加中央电视台环游世界节目。
Thank you for joining CCTV’s Around The World show.
句型:感谢你做某事Thank you for doing sth
5. 有许多人正躺在沙滩上:There are many people lying on the beach.
句型:有某人正在做某事There be sb doing sth
躺在沙滩上lie on the beach   (lieing的规则:将ie变成y, 再加ing)
6. 一些正在拍照,另外的正躺在沙滩上。
Some are taking photos, others are lying on the beach.
(1) 一些,另一些(复数):some…, others…
(2) 一个,另一个(单数):one…, the other…
7. 他们看起来很酷:They look cool.      他看起来很酷:He looks cool.
8. 电话用语:(1) 你是谁? Who’s that?   不能用:Who are you?
(2) 你是某某吗? Is that…?   不能用:Are you…?
(3) 是某某在说话吗? Is that … speaking?    回答用:Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
(4) 我是某某: This is….   不能用:I’m ….
(5) 是某某在说话:This is … speaking.
9. 句型:做完某事finish doing sth    完成某事:finish sth
如:He finishes reading a book about science.
He finishes his homework at home every day.
10. 句型:为了做某事in order to do sth   跟在to后面的动词用原形
11. look有关的词组:
(1) 看着某人/某东西:look at sb/sth         (2) 寻找某人/某东西:look for sb/sth
(3) 照顾某人/某东西:look after sb/sth      (4) 看起来像某人/某东西:look like sb/sth
(5) 小心:look out
(6) 外面看:look out of…    如:朝窗外看:look out of the windows
12. 有关的形容词+ed   如:relaxed, surprised, interested, excited
有关的形容词+ing   如:relaxing, surprising, interesting, exciting
练:(1) The teacher is __________ (surprise) at the news.
(2) I’m having a good time and __________ (relax).
13. 烧饭(总称):cook meals   烧早饭(中饭,晚饭)cook breakfast/lunch/dinner
14. 在度假:on vacation     度假:have a vacation
15. 拍照片:(单数) take a photo   (复数) take photos
16.打沙滩排球:play beach volleyball
17. 在这种热度下:in this heat
18. 围围巾:(单数) wear a scarf   (复数) wear scarves
19. (天气)晴朗的:sunny = fine = nice
如:Today is sunny. = Today is fine. = Today is nice.
20. 学习:study    三单:studies   (以辅音字母+y结尾的,去yies)
海滩:beach   复数:beaches   (s, x, ch, sh结尾的,加es)
【典句必背】
1. How’s the weather? 天气怎么样?
2. It’s cloudy. / It’s sunny. / It’s raining. 天气多云。/ 天气晴朗。/ 天正下雨。
3. How’s it going? 情况怎么样?
4. Great! / Not bad. / Terrible! 好极了!/ 不错。/ 糟糕!
5. Can I take a message for him? 我给他捎个口信好吗?
6. I’m having a great time visiting my aunt in Canada. 我正在加拿大愉快地拜访我的姨妈
7. My family and I are on a vacation in the mountains. 我和我的家人正在山里度假。
8. It’s hot in your country now, isn’t it? 现在你的国家天气炎热,不是吗?
 
Unit8 Is there a post office near here?
【短语归纳】
1. post office 邮局                    2. police station 警察局
3. pay phone 付费电话                4. Bridge Street 桥街
5. Center street 中心大街              6. Long Street 长街
7. near here 附近                     8. across from 在……对面
9. next to 挨着,靠近                10. between… and… 在……和……之间
11. in front of 在……前面             12. excuse me 劳驾
13. far from 离……远                 14. go along… 沿着……走
15. turn right / left 向右 / 左转    
16. on the(或one’s) right / left 在(某人的)右边 / 左边 
17. in my neighborhood 在我的街区      18. look like 看起来像
19. in life 一生中                     20. be free 免费(有空)
【用法集萃】
1. Turn right / left at the +序数词+ crossing. 在第几个路口向右 / 左转
2. spend + 时间 / 金钱 + on sth. 花费时间 / 金钱在
 spend + 时间 / +金钱 (in) doing sth. 花费时间 / 金钱做某事
3. watch sb. doing 观看某人正在做某事
4. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
【典句必背】
1. —Is there a hospital near here? 这附近有医院吗?
—Yes, there is. It’s on Bridge Street. 是的,有。它在桥街上。
2. —Oh… where’s Center Street? 噢……中心大街在哪里?
—It’s not too far from here. 它离这儿不太远。
3. Go along long Street and it’s on the right. 沿着长街走,它在右边。
4. Turn right at the first crossing. 在第一个十字路口向右转。
 
Unit 9  What does he look like?
【短语归纳】
1. short hair 短发                   2. long hair 长发
3. curly hair 卷发                   4. straight hair 直发
5. medium height 中等个子           6. medium build 中等身材
7. go to the movie 去看电影          8. a little 有点儿
9. look like 看起来像               10. a big nose 大鼻子
11. a small mouth 小嘴巴            12. a round face 圆脸
13. black hair 黑发                 14. big eyes 大眼睛
15. a long face 长脸                16. the same way 同样的方式
17. in the end 最后                 18. blonde hair 金**的头发
【用法集萃】
1. What does / do + 主语 + look like? ……看上去什么样?
2. sb. + be + of + medium build / height 某人中等身材 / 个子
3. sb. + has +… hair 某人留着……发
【重点句式】
1. What does your friend look like? 你的朋友长什么样?
   She is of medium build, and she has long hair.她是属于中等身材,并留着长头发。
2. Do you remember …? 你记得……吗?
3. I don’t think he’s so great. 我不认为他是那么的棒。
4.  Nobody knows me. 没人认识我。
*5. Here come the movie actors. 电影明星过来了。
外表提问:
1. –他看起来长得怎么样?-- What does he look like? (look,用does/do)
--他很高,而且他有短的卷头发。-- He is very tall, and he has short curly hair.
同义句:-- What is he like? (只有like,用is)   (islike翻译问”)
区别:-- What does he like他喜欢什么?(doeslike翻译为喜欢”)
区别比较:(1) 中等高度/身材:He is of medium height/build. (of, 前用be动词)
(2) 中等高度/身材:He has a medium height/build.(a, 前用have/has)
2. 一点点胖:She is a little bit heavy.   (heavy是形容词,前用be动词)
一点点+形容词:a little bit+形容词 = a little+形容词 = a bit+形容词;
一点点+名词:a little+名词 = a bit of+名词;
如:His hair is a little long. = His hair is a bit long.
He can speak a little English. = He can speak a bit of English.
3. ①They are talking about the tall boy with curly hair.    (with翻译为有着”)
(句中已经有了动词talking about,表达有着不能再用动词has)
比较:The tall boy has curly hair.    (They are talking about, 表达有着用动词has)
练:(1) Jim lives in a small house _________ (有着) an interesting garden.
(2) Do you remember John, a pop singer __________ (戴着) funny glasses?
(3) Do you know the tall man _________ (有着) a big nose?
4. 她从不停止讲话:She never stops talking.
句型:停止做某事stop doing sth
句型:停下来去做某事stop to do sth
练:(1) Class is over. Let’s stop ___________ (have) a rest.
(2) The teacher is coming. Let’s stop __________ (talk).
(3) – I feel tired and sleepy. – Why not stop __________ (relax)?
(4) If you’re tired, you can stop _________ (work).
(5) Stop _________ (talk). Listen to me, please.
5. 他不再戴眼镜了:He doesn’t wear glasses any more.
词组:不再not…any more
词组:戴眼镜:wear glasses
穿一条红色的裙子:wear a red dress
穿着某种颜色的衣服:in+颜色     如:Do you know the boy in black?
6. 没有人知道我:Nobody knows me.
语法:someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, nobody均表示三单,与之搭配使用的动词也要变三单
如:(1) Everyone in my class __________ (know) this smart teacher.
(2) Do you think everyone __________ (enjoy) their weekends?
(3) Everyone in our class _______ the weekend.
A. enjoys    B. enjoy    C. enjoyed    D. enjoying
7. 在七年级五班:in Class Five, Grade Seven    (班级、年级、数字的首字母均需大写)
8. 篮球队的队长:the captain of the basketball team (of,需要倒翻)
生命的东西,表示 ’s 如:He is my father’s friend.
生命的东西,表示 of 如:Here is a photo of my family.
9. 形容人的外貌特征的名词和形容词

序号
跟在be (be+形容词)
跟在have/has (have/has+名词)
1
是高的/矮的 is tall/short
有长/短头发have long/short hair
2
是中等高度 is of medium height
有直/卷头发have straight/curly hair
3
是胖的/瘦的is heavy/fat, thin
有黑/黄头发have black/yellow hair
4
是中等身材 is of medium build
have+长短+直卷+颜色+hair
5
是长的/短的is long/short
have a medium height/build
6
是漂亮/丑陋的 is beautiful/ugly
have (two) big eyes
7
是可爱的is cute
有一张圆脸:have a round face

10. 受某人的欢迎:be popular with sb    受欢迎的:popular
对某人友好:be friendly to sb         友好的:friendly
11. 讲笑话:tell a joke, tell jokes      讲故事:tell stories
开玩笑:play a joke, play jokes   开某人的玩笑:play jokes on sb
12. 有一副新的面貌have a new look (此处的look名词”)
13. 去买东西:go shopping
在购物商场购物:shop at the mall
14. (1) look v. 看起来; 如:He looks like his father.
(2) look prep. 外表; 如:He has a new look.
15. (1) like v. 喜欢; 如:What does he like?
(2) like prep. 像; 如:What is he like?
【典句必背】
1. —What does he look like? 他长什么样 —He’s really tall. 他真的很高。
2. —Do they have straight or curly hair? 他们留直发还是卷发? —They have curly hair. 他们留卷发。
3. —Is he tall or short? 他高还是矮?—He isn’t tall or short. He’s of medium height. 他不高不矮,他中等个子。
 
Unit10  I’d like some noodles.
【短语归纳】
1. would like 想要                  2. take one’s order 点菜
3. beef soup 牛肉汤                 4. one bowl of… 一碗……
5. what size 什么尺寸               6. ma po tofu with rice 带有米饭的麻婆豆腐
7. what kind 什么种类              8. small / medium / large bowl 小/ 中 / 大碗
9. green tea 绿茶                   10. orange juice 橘汁
11. around the world 世界各地        12. birthday cake 生日蛋糕
13. the number of… 的数量          14. make a wish 许个愿望
15. blow out 吹灭                  16. in one go 一口气
17. come true 实现                  18. cut up 切碎
【用法集萃】
1. would like + sth. 想要某物    
2. would like + to do sth. 想要做某事
3. Why don’t you + do sth.? 何不做某事?   
4. the number of + 名词复数……的数量
【重点句式】
1. --你想要什么?-- What would you like? = What do you want?
--我想要一些面条:-- I’d like some noodles. = I want some noodles.
句型:想要某东西would like sth = want sth    (后跟名词,不加to)
想要做某事would like to do sth = want to do sth   (后跟动词,加to)
练:(1) Do you want ________?
A. speak English   B. to the new pants   C. ho home   D. to go to school
(2) Would you like ________ (drink) some green tea?
2. 餐厅英语:
--我能帮您吗?-- Can I help you? = What can I do for you? = What would you like?
--我想要一些面条。-- I’d like some noodles.   (I’d = I would)
你想要什么种类的面?-- What kind of noodles would you like?
--我想要牛肉番茄面。-- I’d like beef and tomato noodles.   (注意用单数”)
你想要多大碗的面?-- What size bowl of noodles would you like?
--我想要一中碗面。-- I’d like a medium bowl of noodles.   (一中碗…)
什么种类:What kind   什么尺寸:What size
一大/小碗面条:a large/small bowl of noodles
3. --你想吃些东西吗?-- Would you like something to eat?
--(接受)好的:-- Yes, please. Yes, I’d like/love to. 不能用:Yes, I would.
(拒绝)不,谢谢。-- No, thanks.
练:-- Would you like some tea?   -- ________.
A. Yes, I would    B. Yes, please    C. No, I don’t    D. No, please
4. 我要买它I’ll take it.     (此处的不能用buy,只能用take)
5. 那是全部吗?好了吗?完了吗?-- Is that all?
6. 特色菜一15个饺子只要10\Special 1 is just(only) 10RMB for 15 dumplings.
7. some+不可数名词(无复数,不能加s),作句子主语时,动词用三单
some+可数名词变复数(有复数,加s),作句子主语时,动词用复数原形
练:(1) Some chicken _______ (be) in the bowl. Some eggs _______ (be) on the table.
(2) I’d like some _______ and _______.
A. porridge, vegetables   B. beef, tomato   C. French fries, orange juices
8. “肯定句的两者或两者以上用“and”连接:I’d like dumplings and orange juice.
否定句的两者或两者以上用“or”连接:I don’t like green tea or porridge.
9. 肯定句中表达一些some
否定句、疑问句中表达一些,任何any
如:(1) I would like some beef noodles. (2) I wouldn’t like any chicken noodles.
(3) I didn’t have _______ money for a taxi.
10. 关于人称代词的用法:
(1) 实义动词后的人称代词宾格如:Can you help me?   He doesn’t like them.
(2) 介词后的人称代词宾格如:Do you want to go with us?
11. 吃某东西早餐:eat/have sth for breakfast
在早餐时间吃东西:eat sth at the breakfast time
12. 句型:某人/某东西怎么样?What about sb/sth?
做某事怎么样?What about doing sth?   What about = How about
13. 中国食物:Chinese food   中国餐馆:Chinese restaurants
西方食物:western food   西方餐馆:western restaurants
14. 一碗:a bowl     一大//小碗:a big bowl, a medium bowl, a small bowl
一大//小碗a big/medium/small bowl of…   两大碗:two big bowls of…
一杯绿茶a cup of green tea
15. 在饺子店:at the house of dumplings = at the dumping house
在甜品屋:at a dessert house/shop
16. 一些很棒的特色菜:some great specials
特色菜1Special 1
17. (1) drink v. 喝;  如:What would you like to drink?
(2) drink n. 饮料;(复数+s) 如:Cola is a kind of drinks.
18. (1) kind of    有点;(无形式变化) 如:He is kind of lazy.
(2) a kind of   一种;(单数) 如:English is a kind of languages.
(3) kinds of   多种;(复数)   如:There are many kinds of languages in the world.
【典句必背】
1. What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪种面条?
2. I’d like beef noodles, please. 我想要牛肉面。
3. What size would you like? 你想要多大的?
4. I’d like a medium bowl, please. 我想要一个中碗的。
5. Would you like a large bowl? 你想要一个大碗的吗?
6. Yes, please. 好吧。
7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one to, the wish will come true.
 假如他或她一口气吹灭所有的蜡烛,愿望将实现。
 
Unit11 How was your school trip?
【短语归纳】
1. go for a walk 去散步                2. milk a cow 挤牛奶
3. ride a horse 骑马                   4. feed chickens 喂小鸡
5. talk with 与……谈话               6. take photos 拍照
7. quite a lot 相当多                  8. show… around 带领……参观
9. learn about 了解                   10. from… to… 从……到……
11. grow strawberries 种植草莓         12. pick strawberries 采草莓
13. in the countryside 在乡下           14. go fishing 去钓鱼
15. at night 在夜晚                   16. a lot of 许多;大量
17. come out 出来                    18. go on a school trip 去学校郊游
19. along the way 沿线                20. after that 之后
21. buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物       22. all in all 总的来说
23. take a / the train 乘火车            24. be interested in 对……感兴趣
25. not… at all 根本不……
【用法集萃】
1. How + be…? + like? ……怎么样?
2. too many + 可数名词复数    太多的……
3. teach sb. how to do sth. 教某人怎样做某事
4. quite + a / an + 形容词+可数名词单数 = a + very + 形容词+ 可数名词单数一个相当 / 很……
【典句必背】
1. —How was your school trip? 你的学校郊游怎么样? —It was great! 好极了!
2. —Did you go to the zoo? 你去动物园了吗? —No, I didn’t. I went to a farm. 不,没有。我去农场了。
3. —Did you see any cows? 你看见一些牛奶了吗?—Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot. 是的,我看见了,我看见相当多(奶牛)
4. —Were the strawberries good? 这些草莓是好的吗?—Yes, they were.是的,它们是。/ No, they weren’t.不,它们不是。
5. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that. 一切都是关于机器人的,我对那方面不感兴趣。
 
Unit12 What did you do last weekend?
【短语归纳】
1. do my homework 做我的家庭作业           2. go to cinema 去看电影
3. go boating / camping 去划船 / 去野营        4. play badminton 打羽毛球
5. on Saturday morning 在星期六早上          6. work as 以……身份而工作
7. have a good weekend 周末过得愉快          8. kind of 有点儿
9. stay up late 熬夜                          10. run away 跑开
11. shout at 对……大声叫嚷                  12. fly a kite 放风筝
13. high school 中学                         14. put up 搭起,举起
15. in the countryside 在乡下                  16. get a surprise 吃惊
17. make a fire 生火                         18. each other 互相
19. so… that… 如此……以至于……           20. go to sleep 入睡
21. the next morning 第二天早上               22. look out of…向……外看
23. shout to 冲……
编辑:刘老师
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